Table of Contents
In the process of organic fertilizer fermentation and maturity using the organic fertilizer fermentation turning machine, it is affected by four factors such as moisture, temperature, PH value, and C/N. As we all know, the fermentation process of organic fertilizer from livestock and poultry manure adopts aerobic fermentation. In the fermentation process, these four factors have a great influence on the fermentation speed and maturity of organic fertilizer. The specific performance is as follows:
Four factors affecting the fermentation process of organic fertilizer:
Using Organic fertilizer making machine to process organic fertilizer has obvious effects on improving the quality, yield, soil improvement, and protection of crops. The processed organic fertilizer meets the demand for agricultural fertilizers, and at the same time realizes the recycling and utilization of wastes from breeding pollution and domestic pollution sources.
1. Factors affecting moisture. Moisture is an important factor indispensable for microbial activity. In the aerobic fermentation process of organic fertilizer, the suitable moisture content of the material is 60%-70%. If the water content of the material is too high or too low, it will affect the activity of aerobic microorganisms, and the water should be adjusted before fermentation. The moisture content of the material is less than 60%, the temperature rises slowly, and the degree of decomposition is poor. Fresh manure generally has high water content. The method to reduce the water content can be dehydration using a Solid-liquid separator or blending with organic materials with low moisture. Such as rice husk, peat, sawdust, straw, etc., these auxiliary materials also promote the loss of water.
2. Temperature influences factors. Temperature is an important indicator showing the degree of microbial activity in aerobic fermentation. Factory fermentation requires a short cycle, generally 10-20d. The method of turning material and forced ventilation is usually used to improve the state, promote the rapid temperature rise of the early materials and maintain the high temperature of 60-65° in the middle stage. The poor physical shape of pig manure is the main obstacle to the temperature rise of fermentation. High C/N and low temperature must be added. The organic matter of moisture can be improved.
3. The pH has an important influence on the activity of microorganisms and the preservation of nitrogen. The factory fermentation of livestock and poultry manure is convenient with organic fertilizer equipment. The factory fermentation is aerobic fermentation. A large amount of ammonium nitrogen is generated, which increases the pH and the whole fermentation process is in an alkaline environment. , The adverse effect of a high PH environment is mainly to increase the loss of nitrogen. You can add auxiliary materials such as straw, sawdust, and bran. Promote the biological fixation of nitrogen, reduce the mineralization rate of nitrogen in the main material during the fermentation process, and reduce the volatilization loss of ammonium nitrogen. Fresh pig manure and bio-organic fertilizer fermented with harmless microbial agents have undergone microbial pyrolysis and heat exchange, and a large amount of water is removed. Its content is reduced by 30%-40%, the organic matter content is increased by 2 times, and the nitrogen nutrient is relative increased2 -4 times, phosphorus is increased by 2-8 times, potassium is increased by about 10 times, PH changes from neutral to slightly alkaline, and beneficial microorganisms are increased by 130-150 million/g.
4. C/N influencing factors. C/N is an important nutrient condition for microbial activities. Generally, the suitable C/N required for microbial reproduction is 20-30. The average C/N of pig manure is 14. Simple pig manure is not conducive to fermentation, and it needs to be blended with a high C/N ratio The materials are adjusted. The above-mentioned materials for adjusting the moisture content all have a high C/N ratio, which is also a good C/N admixture.
Tianci organic fertilizer equipment manufacturer:
Only from the influence of material factors on the fermentation and maturity of organic fertilizers, we can understand the important significance of materials for fermentation and maturity. In fact, in reality, there are many other influencing factors. Whether the organic fertilizer is thoroughly fermented and discarded, whether it is uniform, etc., have a real impact. Next, we recommend the organic fertilizer turning equipment manufactured by Zhengzhou Tianci Heavy Industry Machinery Co., Ltd. There is no dead corner when turning and throwing, and the performance is good, which effectively improves the efficiency of fermentation and maturity, and also promotes full fermentation and maturity. It is a fermentation turning and throwing equipment with the outstanding performance of similar products. In terms of price, the price of compost equipment produced by Tianci Heavy Industry is more cost-effective and highly recognized by the market than other brands. It is not only trusted by the domestic market but also praised by foreign customers.