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How to make agricultural organic fertilizer from compost?
As we all know, organic fertilizers have less chemical components and high fertility, which can have a good fertilizer effect on the growth of crops. In rural areas, there are many resources available for composting agricultural organic manure, such as weeds and fallen leaves. garbage, livestock and poultry manure, etc., as long as they are treated to a certain extent, these wastes can be made into renewable resources. Let’s learn about the production method of agricultural organic fertilizer:
The procedure of composting to make organic fertilizer
First, cut the raw material straws (weeds, fallen leaves, garbage and other substances containing cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin) into a length of about 6-7 cm. Cow dung) and 100 kg of human manure and urine, mix well, pile up into a large rectangular pile with a height of 1.7-2 meters and a width of 5-6.7 meters, and finally pour 700-800 kg of water, and cover the surface of the compost with a layer of 3-6 cm thick fine soil to keep heat, water and fertilizer. After about 1 week, the reactor temperature will rise to about 60-70℃ (winter time is longer). After 10 days can be turned over 1 time, and then add water; After the reactor temperature rises for the second time in 10 days, the reactor should be turned over for the second time and then water should be replenished.
A sign that organic compost is ripe is that the compost material (such as straw) is nearly black, rotten, and smelly. This is when the compost can be compacted and sealed with soil to keep nutrients in reserve.
The key steps of composting to make organic fertilizer
When planting pollution-free vegetables, it is customary to use organic fertilizer. When composting organic fertilizer, there are many Factors Affecting Fermentation Process of Organic Fertilizer. The key step is the heating of organic fertilizer compost. Generally speaking, the temperature needs to be raised to 60-70 ℃, and maintain at this temperature for 6-7 days, so as to achieve good fertilizer efficiency and the effect of killing harmful organisms. A thermometer can be used to measure the temperature and maintain it for 10 days after reaching 60 degrees.
How to use compost to make organic fertilizer
Composted organic fertilizers are generally used as base fertilizers, applied in combination with ploughing, and thoroughly mixed with the soil. Compost is suitable for all kinds of soils and crops. Generally, sandy soil can be semi decomposed compost, and sticky soil must use up the partially decomposed compost. The application of composted organic fertilizer can increase soil fertility, supplement a large number of soil microbial flora, and bring organic fertilizers such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur to crops with lasting and stable fertilizer efficiency, which is beneficial to the growth of crops.
The composting method of agricultural organic fertilizer will be introduced to you. In the actual production of crops, because different crops require different fertilizers, in addition to the use of organic fertilizers, other inorganic fertilizers need to be supplemented to meet the needs of crops. Growth needs, play a better fertilizer effect.