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How organic fertilizer is made? As we all know, because organic fertilizer has fewer chemical components and sufficient fertility, it can play a very good fertilizer effect on the growth of crops. In rural areas, there are many resources that can be used to make organic fertilizer, such as miscellaneous fertilizers. Grass, fallen leaves, garbage, livestock, and poultry manure, etc., as long as they undergo certain treatment, these wastes can be made into organic fertilizer and become a renewable resource.
The production of organic fertilizer is mainly divided into two steps: composting and granulating. Does the following Tianci Heavy introduce How organic fertilizer is made?
What is compost?
Composting is a natural biological process that converts organic matter into a stable, hummus-like product under controllable conditions. The composting process is mainly decomposed into simple compounds by microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes.
Firstly, the raw material straw (or weeds, fallen leaves, garbage, and other substances containing cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin) is crushed, according to 500 kg of straw, 300 kg of poultry manure (or pig manure and cow manure), human manure Mix and mix the urine at a ratio of 100 kg, and pile into a rectangular pile with a height of 1.7-2 meters and a width of 5-6.7 meters. Finally, pour 700-800 kg of water and cover the compost with a layer of 3-6 cm thick. Fine soil to keep heat, water, and fertilizer. After about 1 week, the stack temperature will rise to about 60-70°C (the wintertime is relatively long), and the stack can be turned over once after 10 days, and then water will be added; after another 10 days, the stack temperature will rise for the second time. Turn the pile a second time and add water.
Or use through composting, build a trough, and pile the raw materials to add a starter to make it rise quickly, and turn it over after the temperature rises. Adding a starter to the compost can reduce the composting time. If the amount of compost is large, the Compost turner machine can be used to turn the pile.
How to use compost?
1.Compost is generally used as base fertilizer, combined with plowing application, and fully mixed with the soil. Compost is suitable for all kinds of soils and crops. Usually, sandy soil can be semi-decomposed compost, and heavy soil must be completely decomposed compost.
2.The application of compost can increase soil fertility and replenish a large number of microbial flora in the soil, bringing long-lasting and stable nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, and other organic fertilizers to crops, which is beneficial to crop growth.
3.At present, the development of “non-polluted agricultural products”, “green agricultural products”, “organic agricultural products” and the multiple cropping index to improve the fertility of the land is an inevitable way to promote the application of organic fertilizers such as compost in production.
The composted material can be called organic powder fertilizer, which can be directly applied as base fertilizer, or it can be granulated by adding other materials through the Organic fertilizer production line.
The granulated organic fertilizer is not easy to be blown away by the wind during the application process, and it can also be used with agricultural fertilization machinery to reduce labor.
In the actual production of crops, because different crops require different fertilizers, in addition to the use of organic fertilizers, other inorganic fertilizers need to be supplemented in order to meet the growing needs of crops and exert better fertilizer efficiency.