Table of Contents
What is organic fertilizer?
In a broad sense, traditional organic fertilizers roughly refer to farmyard manure. It is made of various animal and plant residues or metabolites, such as human and animal manure, straw, animal residues, and slaughterhouse waste, etc. to make organic fertilizer. In addition, it also includes organic chemical fertilizer cake fertilizer; organic chemical fertilizer compost; organic chemical fertilizer retting; organic chemical fertilizer manure; organic chemical fertilizer and biogas fertilizer; organic chemical fertilizer, and green manure. With the shrinking of family farming and the rise of flush toilets in rural areas, traditional organic fertilizers have gradually declined. Subsequently, the long-term application of chemical fertilizers led to the decline of soil fertility, soil compaction, soil deterioration, and increased pests and diseases. Commercial organic fertilizers emerged and gradually became the mainstream.
Commercial organic fertilizer:
Nowadays, organic fertilizers mostly refer to commercial organic fertilizers. It is mass-produced by Organic Fertilizer Plant. It is based on various animal wastes and plant residues, using physical, chemical, biological, or a combination of three treatment technologies, and after a certain organic fertilizer processing technology, the harmful substances are eliminated to achieve harmlessness. It is a type of organic fertilizer that meets the relevant national standards and regulations and is formed by chemical standards.
What are the daily Organic fertilizer raw materials?
Straws: Common Organic fertilizer raw materials include corn stalks, wheat stalks, beanstalks, and rice stalks. Contains high macromolecular substances such as cellulose and lignin, and low nutrient content such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (except for legumes). It is rare to use these materials alone as Organic fertilizer raw materials, and they are generally used to increase the organic matter of fermented materials. , Adjust the carbon to nitrogen ratio. This kind of organic fertilizer raw materials is relatively abundant and low in price. However, because these organic fertilizer raw materials are mostly in the hands of retail investors in agriculture, it is difficult to purchase large areas, and the seasonality is strong. The annual production needs to be stocked in advance.
Meals: Soybean meal, cotton meal, castor meal, prickly ash meal, peanut meal, etc. are mostly leftovers of the agricultural product processing industry, and most of them are auxiliary materials. Meal organic fertilizer raw materials can be called high-end Organic fertilizer raw materials because they are mostly fed grade, the cost of organic fertilizer raw materials is relatively high, and the fermentation maturity should not be controlled.
Mushroom residue: commonly known as mushroom residue, mushroom bag, there are enoki mushroom residue, oyster mushroom residue, Pleurotus eryngii residue, etc. Organic fertilizer raw materials are mostly distiller grains, corn cob, rice husk powder, wheat bran, soybean meal, and some nutrients. The bran is high in organic matter, rich in bacterial protein, vitamins, trace elements, and auxins, making organic fertilizers have better fertility effects.
Animal manure: sheep manure, pig manure, cow manure, etc. are all good Organic fertilizer raw materials. The organic content is high, but it is not easy to decompose due to the low fiber content. Organic fertilizer raw materials must be fully decomposed and fermented when used, and high temperature kills pest eggs, fungi, and weed seeds. Animal processing waste: Processing waste, even farming waste, etc. can also become Organic fertilizer raw materials.
The difference between Organic fertilizer raw materials:
Industrial residues of industrial waste from corn distiller’s grains: distiller’s grains, vinegar grains, cassava residues, sugar residues, furfural residues, lignin residues, ethanol residues, etc. Organic fertilizer raw materials have a large market scale, strong regionality, low prices, and high organic content, The water content is generally above 60%. Pay attention to adjust pH and heavy metals when using. Tobacco stalks: This type of Organic fertilizer raw materials has high organic matter, nutrients, and sugars. It has good fertility effects in the main raw materials of organic fertilizers and has the effect of inhibiting bacteria and resisting soil pests, and the price is relatively low. . Medicine residue: The medicine residue includes abamectin residue, cephalosporin residue, Tyler residue, and penicillium residue. The overall content of protein and other nutrients in the medicine residue is relatively high. The price belongs to the low-medium organic fertilizer raw materials, and the fertility effect is better after use. Good, it can resist other harmful bacteria, but as Organic fertilizer raw materials, it has greater fluidity and less stable supply. Amino acid residue: The protein content is high, mostly above 40%. Most of them have a taste and are mostly wet materials. The price is medium and inferior. It needs to be dried and air-dried. As Organic fertilizer raw materials, the organic fertilizer has a strong taste and good fertility effect.