Table of Contents
Principles of Organic Manure Compost Formation
The so-called Organic Manure Compost is to decompose the organic matter in the waste into water, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and nitric acid under controlled conditions through the biochemical effect of microbial technology, and then decompose to become stable humus soil. The principles of Organic Manure Compost can be roughly divided into two categories: anaerobic and aerobic.
Decomposition process and conditions of organic fertilizer and kitchen waste
The factors affecting Organic Manure Compost are mainly affected by microbial technology, and the main factors affecting microbial technology are temperature, moisture, oxygen, pH, and nutrients:
1. Microbial technology beneficial bacteria species: The microbiological technology beneficial bacteria species that promote the decomposition of food waste include photosynthetic bacteria, actinomycetes, yeasts, lactic acid bacteria, and other bacteria species, in order to accelerate the decomposition rate of food waste and control the output quality of fertilizers. It can also be used to inoculate the microbial technology flora to improve the density of the beneficial flora at the starting point.
2. Organic fertilizer and kitchen waste moisture: When using kitchen waste to make organic fertilizer compost, the moisture content of the accumulated material is the most important factor affecting the composting of organic fertilizer. Generally, microorganisms are more suitable for aerobic microbial technology activities when the moisture content of the deposit is 40% to 70%. Especially in the process of Organic Manure Compost, the moisture content is between 60% and 70%, which is lower than 40%. At times, fermentation is inhibited, and when it exceeds 70%, and anaerobic state will occur, and anaerobic microbial technology will become active.
3. Oxygen: When anaerobic microbial technology is used to decompose and accumulate organic matter, its decomposition rate is very low, while the decomposition rate of aerobic microbial technology is more than 10 times that of anaerobic microorganisms. Because the process of composting organic fertilizer is mainly the decomposition of aerobic microorganisms, proper aeration is necessary to supply oxygen during the accumulation process.
The influence of different organic material aeration on the nutrient elements in organic fertilizer compost
The carbon content of organic fertilizers in the organic manure showed a downward trend during the composting process, and the percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium content increased with the number of accumulation days. Different organic formulas have significantly different changes in nitrogen, carbon, and dry matter during the composting process. In addition, the implementation of continuous aeration treatment can indeed reduce the loss of nitrogen and carbon in the organic fertilizer compost, and increase the nitrogen content in the decomposed compost. The effect of content.
Summary and Discussion on Organic Manure Compost
Due to the demand for waste recycling, considering that the long-term use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides will reduce the soil’s fertility, and it is not easy to obtain land for waste landfills, the development of composting technology and the use of organic compost are increasingly valued. Since the daily food waste is also quite large, some of the recovered food waste is cooked at high temperatures and used as feed for breeding technology, and the rest is decomposed and stabilized by the fermentation process bacteria using microbial technology and used as organic fertilizer or soil. Improver. Tianci heavy is a professional manufacturer of organic fertilizer production equipment and composting equipment. Please contact us if you need it.